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Vaccinations Are Important to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Receiving the right vaccines at the right time and at the right age is important to stay healthy and also keep serious diseases away. Just as the right treatment protocols, accurate documentation is also vital for effective patient care and positive health outcomes. Busy physicians rely on experienced medical transcription services for up-to-date and accurate patient records. Accurate medical records help to keep track of all the vaccines the patient has taken.

Vaccines helps to keep many infectious diseases away. Researchers of various laboratories in the US are working to develop new types of immunization that helps people stay healthy and avoid life-threatening diseases. Here are six infectious diseases that vaccines have prevented.

Small pox: Small pox is caused by a virus called variola that can easily spread through air. It causes rashes on people’s bodies and internally it attacks the immune system that leads to death. It was the European colonizers who brought small pox to America in the 17th century. The physician Edward Jenner discovered that people could become immune to smallpox if they got an injection,a less invasive strain of the virus. Jenner's experiments led to the development of the world's first vaccine. In 1972 small pox was eradicated from the USA.

Mumps: This is a respiratory disease caused by the virus called paramyxovirus that spread through saliva. Around 186,000 people in the US contracted the virus every year. Aperson who catches this virus develops painful, swollen glands and jaw that makes it difficult to eat and which causes patients to feel even weaker. Some patients face life-long complications like hearing loss etc. Around 20 percent to 30 percent of young males who contract the disease are at risk of developing swollen testes, which lead to decreased sensitivity and fertility problems.Mumps cases in the US declined by 99 percent after the introduction of the vaccine in 1967.

Polio: This is also a viral infection that affects a person’s throat and intestines. One who suffers from polio develops flu like symptoms and it can lead to paralysis and respiratory failures. Children suffering from polio would spend weeks inside giant machines called iron lungs, since polio made them unable to breathe on their own. According to NPR, 3,000 US children died from polio in the year 1952 alone. Polio deaths were so common in new-borns and it used to spread rapidly as it was transmitted orally.  The vaccine against polio was introduced in 1955 which reduced the polio rates. In 1979, the disease was eradicated from US.  The last reported case of polio in the US was in the early 1990s, and that patient contracted the disease abroad.

Diphtheria: This is a contagious bacterial infection that affected more than 200,000 people in 1921 and caused approximately 15,520 deaths that year, according to the CDC. This can cause sore throat, weakness and swollen glands. But then a grey-coloured mucus begins to cover the back or their throat. If the bacteria spend enough time in the bloodstream, the infection can produce toxins that cause permanent nerve damage and heart failure. This disease spreads through cough, sneeze or if anyone leaves saliva droplet. So, people living in close quarters, particularly in dense cities, were highly susceptible to the disease in the early 1900s. The diphtheria vaccine was introduced in the 1920s and natural outbreaks haven't been an issue for nearly a century in the US.

Measles: Measles, also known as rubeola, attacks the respiratory system and organs of the body. Patients develop flu-like symptoms such as rashes, runny nose and if it gets serious, the patient may suffer blindness. An estimated 3 million people contracted the disease every year in the late 1950s, before the vaccine was available. Of that total, approximately 48,000 people were hospitalized due to complications, and roughly 400 to 500 people died from it annually. It is a highly contagious disease that can easily spread when someone breathes. The CDC announced measles was eradicated from the US in the year 2000.

Rubella:This disease is also called German measles that is very similar to measles but a little milder. People who suffer from this disease develop a red rash, pink eye, low fever etc. In the year 1964, nearly 12.5 million people in the US contracted the disease. The same year, nearly 11,000 women suffered miscarriages or stillborn births linked to the rubella virus. Vaccination for rubella was made available in the late 1960s. The New York Times reported in 2015 that rubella had been eliminated from the Western hemisphere.

All the above-mentioned diseases are now eradicated with vaccines and this shows the importance of taking vaccines at the right age and time. An accurate vaccine report is an essential element for patients, physicians and for healthcare units. Physicians can seek the support of a transcription company that provides infectious disease transcription service to prepare accurate vaccine reports that are important as medical records.


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